The Kalwang Forest is located in the district of Leoben in Upper Styria and occupies an area of roughly 13,000 hectares. It concentrates on natural mountain forestry, hunting and fishing, as well as letting and leasing. The prime objective is the sustainable use of the land with particular attention to ecology and economy.
Sustained forestry means maintaining and improving the soil as a factor in production. All forestry measures take account of the site's natural conditions. Environment-friendly methods secure the ability of the forest soil to provide sustained growth for the future. Due to the steepness of the terrain and for ecological reasonsthe wood is mainly harvested using cable cranes. The forestry activities take into account the orderly management of game biotopes and the maintenance and encouragement of a maximum of biodiversity. Forestry operations attach high priority to securing the existing water resources. The long-term aim is to use the natural resources that the business holds and to secure them for coming generations.
The Kalwang forestry estate originally belonged to the Admont Benedictine monastery, which had mined copper in the Lang- and Kurzteichen districts since 1666. In 1846, the estate was sold to the Donawitz mining community, known as the "Vordernberger Radmeister Kommunität", whose functions included responsibility for iron mining from the Erzberg and who acquired the forests for the purpose of charcoal production.
In 1932, the then governing Prince Franz I von und zu Liechtenstein bought the forestry estate as it now is from Baron Gutmann.